March 23, 2017
July 21, 2017


Up- scaling of Basic Sanitation for the Urban Poor (UBSUP) program which is implemented by the Water Services Trust Fund and financed by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, KfW and in kind contributions and technical support from GIZ.
Up- scaling of basic sanitation for the urban poor involves improving the living conditions of the urban poor in Kenya through enhanced access to basic sanitation and safe water. In Nakuru and other towns, WSTF works with water service providers to implement the UBSUP project. Read More…….


The goal of this project is to improve the living conditions of the urban poor by offering access to sustainable plot level sanitation for up to 800,000 and to safe water for up to 200,000 residents of urban low income areas in Kenya, enabling these residents to practice sound hygiene. The project consists of a “technical component” (advisory services, capacity building, up-scaling concept development, monitoring and reporting system, etc.) and a “financial and up-scaling component” providing subsidies for plot level sanitation facilities.

Objectives of the programme

1.The project is successful when it provides sustainable sanitation for over 800,000 people and safe water for 200,000 in the urban low income-areas in Kenya and will have achieved satisfactory performance if 600,000 are reached with sanitation and 100,000 with safe water.
2. A monitoring system for tracking access to safe water and basic sanitation facilities of urban low income area dwellers is in place and accessible to the public (i.e. an online database).
3. Sector institutions, civil society organizations and small-scale private entrepreneurs have the capacity to actively participate in the provision of basic sanitation to the urban low income areas and cooperation with research institutes results in improved sanitation options.
4. A sanitation up-scaling concept in line with the sector reforms ensures sustainable use of facilities and is used for the further development of the sub-sector.
Key principles for the proposed program

The financing of sanitation facility at both the household and plot level will entirely be influenced by demand for the sanitation facilities by the beneficiaries. The household/landlord has to cover more than 50% of the cost of investment, emptying of sanitation facilities and depositing of sludge. Best practices and lessons learnt shall be jointly publicized under WSTF. The proposed project subscribes to the principle of the full value chain for sanitation (sustainable sanitation services approach).

The project will not therefore exclusively concentrate on construction of sanitation facilities but also concentrate on improved sewerage services (emptying, dumping services and treatment of sludge). Sanitation, including and sludge management will be treated as a business (opportunity) The Proposed Project will develop the necessary procedures and incentives aimed at structuring and streamlining the value chain. The proposed project consists of a pilot to develop household and plot level sanitation concept to be carried out in the first year, and implementation and up-scaling of the developed concept in the subsequent four years.

In Nakuru Town, WSTF is working with Nakuru Water and Sanitation Services Co. Ltd (NAWASSCO). Under the programme, 1070 toilets have been built in the low income areas of Nakuru Town. Over 10,700 Low Income Consumers have benefitted with improved sanitation.

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